More years of menstruation means more exposure of endometrium to estrogen, which again disturbs the hormonal balance in the body. Although women who have reached their menopause stage are usually the most affected ones, grown-up women who have not yet had even a single pregnancy are also at a higher risk of developing uterine cancer. Moreover, experts say that hormone therapy to treat breast cancer, specifically the one employing the drug tamoxifen, can increase the risk of endometrial cancer as well.
Another serious condition that can eventually lead to endometrial cancer is Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome. This inherited cancer syndrome not only amplifies the risk of colon cancer and endometrial cancer, but can also result in many other serious ailments. HNPCC occurs due to a gene mutation passed on to children by their parents. You can consult with the oncology doctors at a nearby community health center to learn about the screening tests that you should undergo to diagnose the disease.
How to Reduce the Risk of Endometrial Cancer
It is very important to talk to an expert healthcare provider about the hormone therapy you are undergoing after menopause. You need to have a better knowledge of the risks associated with the therapy and weigh the benefits of continuing with the procedure against being vulnerable to other ailments like endometrial cancer. If you were thinking to go for hormone replacement therapy just to control the symptoms of menopause, you need to be well aware of all its pros and cons, as well as its related risks.
Experts also say that replacing estrogen after menopause can seriously increase the risk of endometrial cancer unless you have undergone a hysterectomy. However, taking estrogen and progestin together can reduce the risk. So seeking the help of a professional healthcare provider is very essential here.
An easy way to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer is by taking oral contraceptives. Some experts believe that following this routine for at least 10 to 12 months can help to keep uterine risk at bay for many years even after stopping the use of birth control pills. Yet again, taking combined oral contraceptive pills can have its own risks too, which is why consulting with a doctor is recommended before trying any such measures.
Maintaining a balanced body weight is another simple way to reduce the risk of uterine cancer. Increase your physical activities, workout all days of the week, and limit the number of calories you eat every day. That would not only help in reducing the possibility of developing endometrial cancer, but also make sure that you stay fit and healthy for long.