More Symptoms and Causes
- Uterine fibroids – These are noncancerous and benign tumors, which are formed during pregnancy. It can also lead to abnormal bleeding and menorrhagia in some women.
- Intrauterine Device (IUD) – Menorrhagia can also happen due to one of the side effects of the birth control device known as Intrauterine Device (IUD).
- Complicated pregnancy – A single and a substantial period can also be due to miscarriage. Bleeding during pregnancy is mainly due to wrong placement of placenta like a low-lying placenta.
- Cancer – Uterine or cervical cancer can also cause menorrhagia. It happens mostly during the testing and treatment of these cancers.
- Inheritance – Some people have an inherited condition of excessive bleeding, which can also lead to menorrhagia and its development.
- Medications – Sometimes, anti-inflammatory medicines, hormonal supplements, and anticoagulants can also lead to excessive or heavy bleeding.
- Age – Risk factors of menorrhagia vary with age. In adolescent girls, the condition happens due to anovulation. They can face this problem right after their first period (menarche).
Complications and Treatment Options
The most common complication of this disease is anemia. Anemia is a medical condition, in which your red blood cells count is decreased, and you face short breath and other respiratory problems, as red blood cells are responsible for transferring oxygen around the body. Low oxygen means extreme fatigue, pain, and cramps. Moreover, an iron deficiency is also seen in the patients along with painful menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea).
The mode of treatment for menorrhagia depends upon the patient’s health, the tolerance level for different medicines and procedures, personal preferences, and the causes and severity of the symptoms. Medications and your future childhood plan are also considered to determine the treatment plan for menorrhagia. Before anything is described, the condition should be diagnosed by your women’s healthcare doctor.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium, as well as Tranexamic acid are prescribed to help reduce the heavy bleeding and deal with the severe pain. Oral contraceptives are also recommended sometimes to control blood loss during periods, keeping the birth control factor in mind. If you are experiencing hormonal imbalance, then oral progesterone can help to maintain it.
Hormonal IUDs can also be recommended by healthcare experts to be placed inside your uterus and recover its lining to reduce the bleeding. If you become anemic due to this disease, your doctor will also prescribe iron supplements before you become too weak. You should also follow a healthy lifestyle and stay active to control the symptoms of menorrhagia and recover fast.