Primary health care refers to the essential health care made accessible to individuals in a community at costs that they can afford. The World Health Organization (WHO) put forward the concept of primary health care that focuses more on the importance of community participation by identifying some of the social, economic, and environmental determinants. It includes the basic services required for meeting one’s everyday health care needs like conducting a regular checkup with the family doctor or visiting low income health clinics, .
Primary health care centers offer professional medical care for individuals based on a locality or community before shifting them to more advanced hospital-based care like the general specialist and super specialist. In fact, primary health care forms the vital aspect of a country’s health system while immensely assisting in the socio-economic development of the community. All primary health care clinics tend to focus more on the quality of the service offered while maintaining cost effectiveness.
The clinics that offer primary health care services usually include a team approach that facilitates appropriate care to an individual. It has also incorporated some of the latest aspects like the sharing of information among health care providers while focusing on promoting the health, preventing illness, and other chronic conditions. Moreover, primary health care also forges a new connection and participation within the members of a community.
Role and Benefits of Primary Health Care
The main role of primary health care is to provide continuous and comprehensive care to the patients. It also helps in making the patient available with the various social welfare and public health services initiated by the concerned governing bodies and other organizations. The other major role of a primary health care center is to offer quality health and social services to the underprivileged sections of the society.
As for the benefits of primary health care to the members of a community, it offers the first set of professional care to the patients by incorporating a proactive approach that utilizes several preventive measures, management of chronic disease, and promoting self-care. Along with that, primary health care provides increased accessibility to advanced health care system for the community, which results in excellent health outcomes and prevention of delay.
All primary health care clinics contain a dedicated team of healthcare professionals offering the best medical services. They provide a coordinated approach to the delivery of health care that ensures that the beneficiaries receive the best care from the right health provider.