Maintaining the right amount of nutrition is necessary for women, as the nutritional requirement of women is subjected to change during different stages such as menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause. In fact, right guidance regarding nutrition is essential for women during these periods.

The expert supervision from low income clinics can help women achieve their nutritional goals during the key stages of their life. This ensures that they are provided with the appropriate nutrition for maintaining their physical and mental health. Below are the nutrition requirements for women during different reproductive stages and other health conditions.

Premenstrual Stage

The nutritional requirements of women differ greatly during a menstrual cycle. The energy consumed is also higher during this stage resulting in hormonal changes that can affect their body and mind. This is why women should consume foods that are more in proteins and carbohydrates during the premenstrual stage.

Some of the general symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are mood swings, physical weakness, and constipation. During this stage, it is advised to take B-group vitamins such as Vitamin B6.


Pregnancy is the most crucial stage where women must intake the right amount of nutrition for the development of the fetus. However, having the proper nutritional diet is important rather than the quantity of food.

Calcium is one of the most important nutrients to include in the diet of pregnant women. It will aid in the proper bone development of the fetus and of the mother. Including calcium-rich diets daily, such as dairy products and fish will furnish that requirement.

Iodine is yet another nutrient that is vital for the normal mental development of the baby. It can be consumed by using iodized salt, seafood, or multivitamin supplements. Besides that, folic acid, iron, zinc, and Vitamin C are other essential nutrients for pregnant women.


Breastfeeding is the crucial stage where the mother will transfer the nutrients to the child through breast milk. Therefore, the nutritional intake must increase during breastfeeding in order to supplement the newborn with the right nutrients.

Include more of protein, iron, vitamins, and calcium in the diet. Additionally, the diet should involve a variety of foods and special attention should be placed on foods rich in iron.


Osteoporosis is a common disorder among women that leads the weakening of bones. Most women develop osteoporosis right after menopause, which can adversely affect their lives.

Adequate calcium intake is essential for women reaching menopause as well as for those who are sexually active, as it can help to prevent osteoporosis. In addition, the intake of Vitamin D is also important for good absorption of calcium for maintaining normal bone metabolism.

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    About the Author

    Dr. Ghassan M. Al-Jazayrly, MD

    A graduate of University of Aleppo Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Al-Jazayrly or, as he is colloquially known: Dr. AJ, is an oncologist and hematologist of a Complete Care Community Health Center (CCCHC) with more than 36 years of experience. In recent years, he’s been involved with a non profit organization known as Every Woman Counts (EWC) which provides free breast and cervical cancer screening and diagnostic services to California’s underserved populations in order to eliminate health disparities for low-income individuals.

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