Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- Symptoms And Causes 


Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can be commonly found among women of reproductive age. As per the experts in our free womens clinic, women suffering from PCOS can have prolonged or infrequent periods or can also have increased levels of male hormone levels. The ovaries of these women will have many small collections of follicles and will not release eggs regularly. 

The medical field has not yet found the exact cause of the syndrome. Finding the problems at an early stage and getting proper treatment, together with weight loss can help reduce the risk of other complications like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. 

Symptoms Of PCOS 

Women’s health experts in many low income health clinics opine that the signs and symptoms of PCOS develop at about the time of the first period. There are also situations where PCOS can develop at a later stage, for instance, due to substantial weight gain. A PCOS diagnosis will be made when you have at least two of the below signs. 

Excess Androgen Levels: Increased levels of male hormones in the body can lead to physical signs like excess body and facial hair, male pattern baldness, and severe acne. 

Irregular Periods: Irregular, prolonged, or infrequent menstrual cycles will be common if you are suffering from PCOS. For instance, if you have PCOS, you will have less than nine periods a year, abnormally heavy periods, and more than thirty-five days between periods. 

Polycystic Ovaries: if you have PCOS, your ovaries will be enlarged and can contain follicles surrounding the eggs. Due to the presence of these cysts, your ovaries can fail to function regularly. 

Causes Of PCOS 

As said above, the exact cause of PCOS is not yet found, but there are a few factors that can lead to PCOS. These are: 

Low-Grade Inflammation: The term low-grade inflammation is used to describe the production of substances by white blood cells to fight infection. Studies show that women with PCOS have a type of low-grade inflammation stimulating the ovaries to release androgens.

Excess Insulin: Insulin is the hormone that helps our body cells to use sugar to get energy. If your body cells become resistant to the hormone, your blood sugar levels can increase and your body will produce more of the hormone. Excess levels of insulin in your body can increase the production of androgen, leading to ovulation problems.

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    About the Author

    Dr. Ghassan M. Al-Jazayrly, MD

    A graduate of University of Aleppo Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Al-Jazayrly or, as he is colloquially known: Dr. AJ, is an oncologist and hematologist of a Complete Care Community Health Center (CCCHC) with more than 36 years of experience. In recent years, he’s been involved with a non profit organization known as Every Woman Counts (EWC) which provides free breast and cervical cancer screening and diagnostic services to California’s underserved populations in order to eliminate health disparities for low-income individuals.

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